The "STEALTH" Anchor - "What A GRIP"!
quick set, non-fouling, easy release

E-Mail: hans@hansanchor.com

Telefon: 727-688-5944 Tollfree: 727-565-1355 Europe: +46-31-360-8811

 



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HANS Anchor, Inc.
2727 6th Ave. S., St. Petersburg
FL 33712, USA
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Copyright  © 2002 ,
Last modified:
01/29/09
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History...  Anchors, mooring gears... now and then...

 


Anchors  

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Click for enlargement

Every Admiralty kept a model room stocked with ship models, various scale models, and miniature pattern anchors from the anchor yard.  The Age of Sail knew many dangers and ships often depended on their Admiralty pattern to save them from disaster.  It is not surprising that the Old World symbol for 'Hope' is an old fashioned anchor!  The Anchor is emblematic of the hope and glory of the souls.  The golden or precious Anchor by which we be kept steadfast in faith and encouraged to abide in our proper station amidst the storm of temptation, affliction and persecution.
Safely Home
After a voyage of a year or more to ports across the Seven Seas.  Happiness and gratitude.  A family reunited.  That was the life of the windjammer sailor.  Safely at anchor.  Hanging next to the front door.  To announce a welcome to friends and kin, an age-old custom in the old ports hugging the shoreline of the North Sea.

The Anchor; the Symbol for Hope and Safe Arrival. 
It has always been considered as the most important gear onboard!

The History 
of anchors and mooring gears from  the first anchor used till present time.

1.  STONE,   (one piece, no bill, stone).  
  Man's first "anchor." 

2.  KILLICKS,   (one piece, 4 bills, stone & wood).  
  2200 BC, also used by the technically advanced Egyptians, is still used.

3.  EAST Indian,   (one piece, 1 bill, stone & wood)
 
2000 BC, first true anchor with functional shape.

4.  CHINESE,   (one piece, 1 bill, stone & wood)
 
2000 BC, developed by the Chinese.

5.  EGYPTIAN,   (one piece, rock)
 
1400 BC, in King Tout's grave was found a T-Shaped rock anchor.

 

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 1000 BC, Homeric poems still specify "anchors of stone."

6.  GREEK OLD FASHION,   (two piece, 2 bills, bronze)
 
800 BC, a two-armed hooks, cast in bronze were found on the island of Malta. 

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  650 BC, a Sardinian scarab shows a two-armed stockless anchor, which was probably the first anchor made of iron. 

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  500 BC, a Greek writer mention "stone anchors with iron hooks."

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  375 BC, an anchor shown on a Greek coin, includes the essentials of an Admiralty anchor, except palms.

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  312 BC, a Syrian coin showed an anchor that is even more modern in appearance.

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  300 BC, vessels of the Athenian navy were equipped with iron anchors weighing up to 440 pounds.
 

Year 0000

 
7.  COMMEN,   (two piece, 2 bills, materials as below). 
  40 AD, iron tipped oak anchor with a heavy led stock and the first all iron anchor  were found when Lake Nemi  outside Rome, Italy were drained 1929.

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  500 AD, first short anchor chain used by the Britons

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  573 AD, first forged iron anchor in England
8.  GRAPNEL,   (one piece, 5 bills, iron)
 
800 AD.  Used by the Vikings and as land anchor, climbing  fortress walls etc.

 

Year 1000

 
9.  STOCK,   (one piece, 2 bills, iron)
 
1500 first seen.  Standard anchor on U.S. navy boats until 1860.

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  16th century, Sir Walter Raleigh, first time mentioned about use of a capstan and value of scope

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  1723, first public exposition of the science and art of anchor construction by Reaumur in France.

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  1804 first time used Iron stock on an anchor.

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  1809 manufacture of first modern chain
10.  PORTER,   (two piece, 1 bills, forged iron)
 
1818 first time used by Lieut. Belcher and later Patented 1838 by Porter (GB).

11.  STOCKLESS - PATENT,   (two piece, 2 bills, cast iron)
 
1821 Patented by Hawkins, GB.  First modern anchor since 600 BC.
12.  WISHBONE,   (two piece, 1 bill, forged iron)
 
1822 Patented by Piper, GB.

13.  MUSHROOM,   (one piece, no bill, iron & led)
 
1859 first time used.  A better permanent mooring system then boat anchor.

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  1885 Baxter stored a stockless anchor for the first time in a hawse pipe. 

   Baldt,   (two piece, 2 bills, welded steel). 
  1896 Fredrick Baldt developed the Stockless Anchor.
 
 

Year 1900

 
14.  Umbrella Grapnel,    (six piece, 4 bills, cast iron).

15.  DORMOR,    (one piece, no bill, cast iron). 
  Permanent mooring system.

16.  NORTHILL,   (three piece, 2 bills, cast iron)
 
A modern  kedge, based on the Chinese type from  2000 BC.

17.  CQR,   (two piece, 1 bill, cast, forged & welded steel). 
  1933 Patented by G.I.Taylor, GB.

18.  Barnacle,   (two piece, 2 bills, cast steel). 
  1937 by USCG Capt. James Taylor, St. Thomas, USA.
19.  DANFORTH,   (two piece, 2 bills, welded steel). 
  1939 by R.D. Ogg & R.S. Danforth, USA.
   (A large veraiety of Danforth copies, Danforth idea and copies, as FOBO, Viking, Fortress,
   Horizon Fluke, Hooker, West Marine..  See below.

20.  FOBO,   (two piece, 2 bills, welded iron). 
  A common anchor in France!

 

Year 1950

 
21.

 

22.  Sea-Anchor,   (parachute, nylon). 
  Drift anchor on open sea. 
 
23.  Helix,   (three piece, screw, welded steel). 
  Permanent mooring system screwed into the bottom.

24.  P-Ring, (one piece, welded steel). 
  Permanent mooring system in muddy bottoms.
 
25.  Viking,   (two piece, 2 bills, welded aluminum). 
  Danforth idea, see above.
 
26.  SOC,   (two piece, 1 bill, cast, forged & welded steel). 
  CQR copy and idea, see above.
27.  BRUCE,   (one piece, 1 bill, cast steel). 
  1971 Patented  by Peter Bruce, GB.

28.  DELTA,   (one piece, 1 bill, welded steel)
 
1988 a modern version of the CQR, GB.

29.  Sea-Grip,   (three piece, 2 bills, welded steel). 
  Pe
 
30.    
31.  Fortress,   (two piece, 2 bills, welded aluminum). 
  Danforth idea, see above.  See #19.
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32.  Horizon Fluke,  (two piece, 2 bills, welded aluminum). 
  Danforth idea, see above.  See #19. 
 
33.  Hooker,  (two piece, 2 bills, welded aluminum). 
  Danforth idea, see above.  See #19.
 
34.  West Marine,  (two piece, 2 bills, welded aluminum). 
  Danforth idea, see above.  See #19.
 
35.    
36.    
37.  A large veraiety of Danforth copies,   (two piece, 2 bills). 
  Danforth idea and copies, as FOBO, Viking, Fortress, Horizon Fluke, Hooker, West Marine...
 
38.  MAX,   (two piece, 3 bills, welded iron)
 
1990.

39.  Quick-Set,   (one piece, 1 bill, welded steel).
  Copy and idea of Delta, see above.

40.  HANS "STEALTH",  
(two piece, 1 bill (alternating), welded steel). 
Patented 1991 by Hans Claesson, Sweden.  High-Tec "Stealth"- design, the first anchor that compresses  softer bottom materials between the flukes to generate high holding power.

41.    
42.  Powerpointe,   (two piece, 1 bills, welded iron).
  Land anchor to be used on sandy beaches.
43.  Claw,   (one piece, 1 bill, cast steel). 
  Pirate Copy of the Bruce anchor, see above.

 

Year 2000

 
44.  Bulwagga,   (two piece, 1 bills, welded iron).
  Land anchor to be used on sandy beaches.
Bulwagga Marine Anchor boat anchor web photo
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(More anchors & museums will be entered) 
 
Museums: 
Museums showing extensive collections of maritime artifacts: 
The Mariners Museum in Newport News, Virginia
-  The Navy Museum, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C. 
-  U.S. Merchant Marine Museum, Anderson, Indiana
-  Ft. Eustis, U.S. Army Transportation Museum, Virginia
-  Sjöfarts Museumet, Göteborg, Sweden                              
    ........ has many fine exhibits.